Filter by: SCIENCE


New Basepaws Research Initiative! New Basepaws Research Initiative!
Basepaws
05/10/2019

On our journey towards a better future for all cats, we are leading novel discoveries and advances in the field of feline science and genetics. As we continue to grasp new knowledge and information, we drive the focus on research initiatives which can help improve the understanding of feline biology and improve the health management of cats everywhere. Today, we are thrilled to announce our new research initiative - the Basepaws Feline Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Research Project!

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Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) – A Viral Disease Explained Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) – A Viral Disease Explained
Basepaws
03/28/2019

Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a rare and progressive disease caused by feline coronavirus (FCoV). Most strains of this virus are avirulent, meaning they don't actually cause the disease. These strains are marked as feline enteric coronavirus (FECV). In 5-10% of infected cats, however, the infection will progress into clinical FIP. This virus is then referred to as feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV). Once clinical FIP develops, it almost always has a fatal destiny.

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Feline Cancer – Background, Science and Answers (part 2) Feline Cancer – Background, Science and Answers (part 2)
Basepaws
02/19/2019

According to Animal Cancer Foundation, 1 in 5 cats will develop cancer in their lifetime. Cancer in cats is actually less common than cancer in dogs, but once it is diagnosed, it tends to move faster. Knowledge is power, and our role as pet parents is to be armed with information and provide our companions with the best possible care. Yet, how much do we really know about this deadly disease in cats? It's time to talk science!

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Feline Cancer – Background, Science and Answers (part 1) Feline Cancer – Background, Science and Answers (part 1)
Basepaws
02/15/2019

According to Animal Cancer Foundation, 1 in 5 cats will develop cancer in their lifetime. Cancer in cats is actually less common than cancer in dogs, but once it is diagnosed, it tends to move faster. Knowledge is power, and our role as pet parents is to be armed with information and provide our companions with the best possible care. Yet, how much do we really know about this deadly disease in cats? It's time to talk science!

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Meowgical Science Behind Your Cat’s Coat Meowgical Science Behind Your Cat’s Coat
Basepaws
12/20/2018

Cats come in a highly diverse variety of coat patterns, colorations and textures. Many different genes are involved in creating just how unique your purrfect companion will turn out to be. Have you ever wondered about the role of genetics in your cat’s captivating looks? To get you started on the long journey of feline genetics, we prepared a short guide through the genetics of the feline coat for you. Read up!

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How Do Cats Sleep? How Do Cats Sleep?
Basepaws
11/08/2018

Sleep is a naturally recurring state of body and mind, characterized by altered consciousness, limited sensory activity, inhibited voluntary muscle activity and reduced interactions with surroundings (NIH, 2018). While humans typically spend one-third of their time sleeping, cats often spend more than half of the day snoozing their troubles away. This qualifies our furriends as one of the sleepiest animals out there!

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How Smart Is Your Kitty? How Smart Is Your Kitty?
Basepaws
11/01/2018

Cats often surprise us by performing diverse tasks that seem beyond their capabilities. When they gaze at us, it appears as if they're trying to communicate in their own meowgical way. The lingering mystery around our independent furriends leads to an inevitable wonder: just how smart are they?

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Dear Hooman, Meet Your Cat Dear Hooman, Meet Your Cat
Basepaws
10/25/2018

Looks. Smarts. Health. We inherit a whole lot from our parents (and their DNA). While the world of science is untangling the role that DNA has in making you – you – Basepaws is working on this same special treatment for your favorite furriend too! We are only just starting to unravel the secrets hidden within the feline DNA, but there are many peculiar things about cat DNA that we know already. Dear hooman, meet some of the most curious facts about your favorite pet’s DNA.

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Feline Melanism: Adaptive and Evolutionary Significance Feline Melanism: Adaptive and Evolutionary Significance
Basepaws
10/19/2018

Melanism (dark coat coloration) is a common polymorphism observed in many animals. This remarkable feature has been described in as many as 13 out of 37 felid species (Schneider et al, 2015). It is still widely speculated exactly why feline melanism evolved in the first place and what kind of adaptive and evolutionary significance it has for our favorite furriends.

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The Power of The Feline Senses The Power of The Feline Senses
Basepaws
08/24/2018

Evolution has lead cats to become highly specialized and successful hunters. They are physically and behaviorally completely adapted to the predator lifestyle. Always on the look-out, feline’s powerful and sharp senses help them operate smoothly and maintain their superior hunting strategies. Ever wondered just how special your cat’s powers really are? Read up to find out!

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Behind the Scenes at Basepaws Behind the Scenes at Basepaws
Basepaws
06/12/2018

You’ve purchased a CatKit, collected some of your cat’s DNA and shipped it back to us. Exciting stuff! Wait, but what happens next? The time has come for us to unravel a little bit about our recipe to unfolding your feline’s DNA secrets. No, not everything - there is still a lot we don’t know ourselves, and every sample helps get us closer. But we want to tell you a bit about us, inside and out. Let’s take a quick look behind the curtains and see what really happens once your sample reaches the Basepaws Labs!

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A Time of Feline Genetics Discovery: Interview with Anna Skaya CEO & Founder Basepaws A Time of Feline Genetics Discovery: Interview with Anna Skaya CEO & Founder Basepaws
Basepaws
06/07/2018

Have you ever looked at your cat and wondered about its origins, lineage and history? With most of our cats, we have no clue about their genetic origins, which is changing fast. You can now find out more about your cat's genetic heritage with a simple test that requires nothing more than a few of kitty's hairs! The founder & CEO of Basepaws, Anna Skaya, recently gave an interview to TheCatSite. Built from scratch, Anna reveals how Basepaws came to be, the mission of the company and how is important to promote scientific research into cat health.

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Some of the Most Common Viruses Afflicting Cats Some of the Most Common Viruses Afflicting Cats
Basepaws
06/01/2018

We’re bluntly in love with cats. It’s not something we just say – it’s a fact. Cats bring us love, happiness, purrs and cuddles and they even improve our health. They calm our nerves, they dry our tears and heal our hearts. In return, we try our best to protect them and take the best possible care of them. Today we will talk about some of the many viruses afflicting our furry balls, their signs, symptoms and possible vaccinations.

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Cat coat genetics (part 2) Cat coat genetics (part 2)
Basepaws
05/22/2018

Please note that you are reading the old version of this article. You can find the updated article here.

In the first part of "Cat coat genetics" article we discussed the genetics of feline coat colors and we explained some of the coat patterns. In the second part we now continue with coat patterns, lengths and textures. Read on to learn more!

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Cat coat genetics (part 1) Cat coat genetics (part 1)
Basepaws
05/18/2018

Please note that you're reading the old version of this article. You can find the updated article here.

Cats come in a highly diverse variety of coat patterns, coloration and textures. Many different genes are involved in creating just how unique your feline companion will turn out to be. Today we attempt to take a narrow glimpse into the role genetics play in your cat’s coat pigmentation, pattern, length and texture. Due to the complexity of the issue, we decided to break this article down into two parts. In the first part we will discuss the coat colors and some of the coat patterns. In the second part we will continue with coat patterns, lengths and textures.

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Myth Busted: Are Cats Really Hydrophobic? Myth Busted: Are Cats Really Hydrophobic?
Basepaws
05/08/2018

Our fur babies are hunted by the reputation of being terrified of water. But does it really precede them? Not so fast! While tigers and jaguars are famous for being great swimmers, some domestic cats will gladly embrace a splash or two in the pool as well. And those felines that forgo a good swim? Well, they don’t actually fear the water, but rather just dislike the feeling of being wet. And they have a handful of reasons for it, many of which are often overseen.

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Whole genome sequencing Whole genome sequencing
Basepaws
04/24/2018

The genome is the complete genetic information of an organism. Most organisms have DNA genomes, although there are known viruses with RNA genomes too. The genome consists of the coding and noncoding DNA, as well as the organelles’ DNA (mitochondria and chloroplasts). Whole genome sequencing is the determination of the entire sequence of the whole genome (the order of all the bases, A, T, G and C) at a single time. After reading this blog you will learn more about the history, techniques and applications of this advanced method, as well as a little bit about the genome of your favourite feline friend.

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A quick look into the world of cats DNA analysis: those among us and those that we miss A quick look into the world of cats DNA analysis: those among us and those that we miss
Basepaws
04/10/2018

Please note that you're reading the old version of this article. You can find the updated article here.

Our job here at Basepaws is to help you get to know your beloved felines on a molecular level and discover all the secrets hiding in their DNA. Our ultimate aim is to form a rich feline database to secure better health care for cats in the future, and fortunately many of you have already joined us on our mission!

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Cancer in cats. Part two. Cancer in cats. Part two.
Basepaws
02/06/2018

Please note that you are reading the old version of this article. You can find the updated article here.

Today we come to you with the information every cat caregiver needs to know about types of cancer in cats, and cancer prevention, detection and treatment. If you would like to understand what lies in the roots of this complex issue too, please read the first part of this article posted previously.

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Cancer in cats. Part one. Cancer in cats. Part one.
Basepaws
01/25/2018

Please note that you are reading the old version of this article. You can find the updated article here.

According to Animal Cancer Foundation, 1 in 5 cats will develop cancer in their lifetime. Cancer in cats is actually less common than cancer in dogs, but once it is diagnosed, it tends to move faster. Since cats are the closest mammals to humans (outside of primates, of course) it is no wonder cats share many of the same cancers with us. Knowledge is power, and how much do we really know about signs of this deadly disease in feline?

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Why Calico Cats Are Always Female Why Calico Cats Are Always Female
Basepaws
10/05/2017

Have you ever wondered why pretty much all Calico cats are female? Well, it’s all about the power of genetics! So here’s a little genetics 101 that will help explain this very interesting phenomenon. If you’d like to read more information to help build your foundation in genetics then have a read at this Basepaw’s blog!

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Hemingway Cats Hemingway Cats
Basepaws
09/28/2017

Please note that you're reading the old version of this article. You can find the updated article here.

Polydactylism is one of the traits both humans and cats have. Actually, mice, dogs and even horses also have extra toes (or small supernumerary digits terminating in hooves either side of the main hoof). Alexander the Great and Caesar both rode polydactyl horses.

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Genetics 101 Genetics 101
Basepaws
09/21/2017

Banner Photo Credit: Cutepawsmeow

Well, probably we should have started our blog with this post. As they say, better late than never ;)

So we are going to talk about basic genetics today. The feline genome was fully decoded in 2007. Of all of the cats in the world, a 4-year old Abyssinian cat named Cinnamon was chosen to be a genetic model for all felines in a project called the feline genome project. By donating a small vial of blood, Cinnamon provided scientists the wherewithal to map the feline genetic structure, eventually allowing for each gene's function to be noted and studied.

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Cat Siblings are the Newest Scientific Frontier Cat Siblings are the Newest Scientific Frontier
Basepaws
06/06/2017

Just like human siblings, kitty siblings sometimes love each other and other times wish they could stuff their little brother in a box and sit on top of it. No matter how well your cats get along, they can still work together to help scientists unlock the secrets of how their DNA makes them unique.

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