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Thai Siamese
Characteristics, History, and Health

Thai Siamese

Eastern Breeds

Thai Siamese cats form strong bonds with their families and are known for their loyal and affectionate nature. These clever, inquisitive, and incredibly athletic felines love being in the center of all the action. They have big personalities and aren’t afraid to tell you all about it!

Main Info
Coat Pattern
Coat Length
Health Issues
  • Feline OCDFeline OCD
  • Diabetes mellitusDiabetes mellitus
  • Feline hyperesthesia syndromeFeline hyperesthesia syndrome
  • Crossed eyesCrossed eyes
  • Lung infectionsLung infections
  • Vestibular diseaseVestibular disease
  • Neoplastic and gastrointestinal disordersNeoplastic and gastrointestinal disorders

Main Characteristics of the Thai Siamese Cat

Who is considered royalty in the world of cats? The Thai Siamese of course! Also
called the Siamese, this feline’s charm and striking appearance helped it earn a
royal status and keep it for centuries. One recognizable display is a high contrast
colorpoint coat pattern with dark fur near or on the face and ears, as well as their
legs and tails. However, there are four possible color combinations that include
chocolate point, seal point, blue point, and lilac point. The Siamese is an outgoing,
chatty breed that is famous for its remarkable blue eyes, noticeably large ears, and
its sleek and muscular body. These cats adore love and affection, and in return
provide loyal companionship.

Thai Siamese Cat Origin

Originating from Thailand (formerly known as Siam), it is believed that the breed
then made its way to Europe in 1884. British Consul-General Edward Blencowe
Gould brought a breeding pair of cats from Bangkok which he gifted to his sister,
Lilian. Cat fanciers increasingly imported cats from Thailand, gradually forming the
foundational breeding pool for the Siamese in England. In 1878, thefirst Siamese
cat was supposedly given to Lucy Webb Hayes, First Lady and wife of President
Rutherford B. Hayes, by U.S. Consul David Stickles.

Thai Siamese Cat Personality Traits

Thai Siamese are very affectionate and intelligent cats, with a distinctly outgoing nature. They seek and enjoy the company of humans as well as other cats. They tend to strongly bond with one person in the family. These kitties are very vocal and will often demand your attention with a loud, low-pitched persistent voice that has been nicknamed "Meezer".

Thai Siamese Cat Common Health Issues

Siamese and Siamese-derived breeds have higher mortality and morbidity rates in comparison to other cat breeds. The Siamese is known to be at a higher risk for neoplastic and gastrointestinal diseases. The pointed pattern observed in Siamese cats is a form of partial albinism, caused by a mutation in tyrosinase. This mutation is linked to abnormal neurological connections between the eyes and the brain and can result in crossed eyes. They are also prone to lung infections, feline OCD, vestibular disease, and Feline Hyperesthesia Syndrome. Some published studies indicate that Siamese cats are at a higher risk for diabetes mellitus.

Thai Siamese Cat Fun Facts

  • The gemstones of the cat world. Their traditional name in Thai is ‘Wichien Maat,’ which is said to translate to “diamond and gold” or “moon diamond”.  

  • Fascinating felines of history. In Bangkok’s Thai National Library, it is said that there are manuscripts from the 1700s called the “Cat Book Poems” (Smud Khoi in Thai), with illustrations of cats that look very similar to well-known seal points of the Thai Siamese. All Siamese kittens are born white and receive their color points as they grow.

  • The Royal “Watchcats”. Traditional Siamese cats used to have kinks in their tails. It is thought that this is because a Siamese cat was tasked with guarding a Royal Chalice, and that it developed a permanent kink in its tail by wrapping it tightly around the goblet. Another story has it that a princess used the tail of the Traditional Siamese as a hook to hang her jewelry, so it wouldn’t get stolen while she bathed!

  • Royal gifts of the cat world. In addition to President Hayes’ gift of a Siamese cat, Queen Elizabeth II was also given a seal point Siamese kitten as a wedding present upon her marriage to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

Thai Siamese Characteristics

10-12 years
Good with
Children, Dogs, Cats, Families
Shedding amount
Affection level
Activity level
Tendency to vocalize
Exercise needs


The International Cat Association (TICA) “Introduction to the Thai”

FETCH by WebMD "What to Know About the Thai Cat Breed"