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Afghan Hound
Characteristics, History, and Health

Afghan Hound

The Afghan Hound is an ancient breed known for its regal appearance and impressive coat. The breed's origins can be traced back thousands of years to Afghanistan and the surrounding regions. Afghan Hounds are believed to be one of the oldest dog breeds in existence, with depictions of similar-looking dogs appearing in ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian art. These dogs were originally bred by nomadic tribes to assist with hunting in the rugged terrain and harsh climate of the Afghan mountains. The breed was introduced to the Western world in the early 20th century when British soldiers stationed in Afghanistan during the Afghan War brought them back to England. The Afghan Hound's striking appearance quickly gained attention, and it soon became a sought-after breed among dog enthusiasts and nobility.

Main Info
Afghanistan, India, Pakistan
Alternate Names
Sage Balochi, Tazi, Affie
Life Expectancy
12-18 years
Average Male Height
25-27 inches
Average Female Height
25-27 inches
Average Male Weight
50-60 pounds
Average Female Weight
50-60 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Coat Colors
Black, Black & Silver, Black & Tan, Blue, Cream, Red, Silver, White, Blue & Cream
Coat Pattern
Black Mask, Brindle, Brindle Black Mask, Brindle Domino, Domino

Genetic Predispositions and Health

Afghan Hounds, like other sighthounds, are sensitive to anesthesia due to their naturally low stores of body fat. This deep-chested breed is susceptible to bloat, also known as gastric dilation volvulus (GDV). This is a life-threatening condition that can come on suddenly, so it’s important to know the warning signs and get an affected dog immediate veterinary care. As with all breeds, genetic screening is recommended. The Afghan Hound can also benefit from regular hip, thyroid, and eye evaluations.

Personality and Behavior

Afghan Hounds are known for their elegant and aloof demeanor. They have a strong independent streak and are often described as being somewhat aloof or reserved with strangers. However, they can form deep bonds with their owners and are known to be loyal and affectionate within their own family.

While Afghan Hounds are generally peaceful and gentle dogs, they possess a strong prey drive and may chase small animals if not properly trained and supervised. They have a natural instinct for hunting and can be somewhat stubborn, so consistent and patient training is important.

Afghan Hounds require regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. They have a moderate energy level and enjoy daily walks or playtime in a secure, fenced area. Additionally, their long and flowing coat requires regular grooming to keep it looking its best.

Fun Facts

An Afghan Hound named Snuppy was the first cloned dog in 2005. Afghan Hounds are excellent jumpers and are known for their ability to effortlessly clear obstacles.

They can easily jump over fences or other barriers, so it's important to provide them with secure and enclosed spaces.

These dogs were used to chase and capture game in the rugged terrains of Afghanistan, such as gazelles, deer, and even leopards. Their exceptional speed, agility, and keen sight made them effective hunters.


The Kennel Club. "Afghan Hound." Retrieved from