The American Hairless Terrier is a small to medium-sized breed of dog that originated in the United States. This breed's history is fairly recent, dating back to the 1970s when a hairless puppy named ""Josephine"" was born into a litter of Rat Terriers. The breeders, Edwin and Willie Scott, were intrigued by this anomaly and began a selective breeding program to establish a new breed that became known as the American Hairless Terrier.
American Hairless Terriers can suffer from eye conditions such as progressive retinal atrophy, primary lens luxation and progressive retinal atrophy. They can also be affected by hypothyroidism (congenital, and with goiter), muscular dystrophy, patellar luxation, degenerative myelopathy, hip dysplasia, cardiac conditions, and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.
American Hairless Terriers are known for their intelligence, energy, and friendly disposition. They are often described as alert, curious, and adaptable. These dogs are good with children and can be a great addition to a family. However, they are also very active and require a good amount of exercise to keep them happy and healthy.
Despite their terrier roots, they are often more sociable with other dogs and strangers than many other terrier breeds. Their hairlessness also means they are a good choice for allergy sufferers, but it does mean they need protection from the sun and cold.
It's worth noting that like all dogs, the temperament of American Hairless Terriers can vary based on their individual personality and upbringing, so it's important to spend time with a dog to get to know them.
This breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 2016.
American Hairless Terriers are sometimes bred with their cousins, the Rat Terriers, to keep the gene pool more varied.
These dogs were originally called "Feists" to reflect their feisty temperaments.