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Characteristics, History, and Health


The Beauceron is a breed of large herding dogs that originated in France, specifically in the region known as La Beauce, from which it derives its name. The Beauceron's history dates back several centuries, with the earliest records appearing in the late 1500s. This breed was initially used for various roles such as herding livestock, guarding properties, and even participating in military operations. In the late 19th century, French breeders standardized the Beauceron breed, with the first breed standard established in 1897.

Main Info
Alternate Names
Berger de Beauce, Bas-Rouge
Life Expectancy
10-12 years
Average Male Height
25.5-27.5 inches
Average Female Height
24-26.5 inches
Average Male Weight
70-110 pounds
Average Female Weight
70-110 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Double, Smooth
Coat Colors
Black & Rust, Black & Tan, Harlequin, Gray Black & Tan
Coat Pattern

Genetic Predispositions and Health

Beaucerons can suffer from atopic dermatitis, dermatomyositis, elbow and hip dysplasia,
epidermolysis bullosa, epidermolysis bullosa (dystrophic), hypothyroidism, mast cell tumor, mMerling, patellar luxation, and squamous cell carcinoma (toes). The breed is susceptible to bloat, also known as gastric dilation volvulus (GDV). This is a life-threatening condition that can come on suddenly, so it’s important to know the warning signs and get an affected dog immediate veterinary care. Genetic testing is recommended, including for the following additional conditions: hyperuricosuria, degenerative myelopathy, and progressive rod-cone degeneration.

Personality and Behavior

Beaucerons are known for their intelligence, agility, and courage. They are protective and loyal, making them excellent family dogs and home guardians. However, they are not recommended for novice dog owners due to their high energy levels and need for mental stimulation. They require plenty of exercise and love participating in activities such as obedience, agility, and tracking competitions.

It's important to note that early socialization and training are critical for this breed to ensure they grow into well-rounded dogs. They can be reserved with strangers but are generally good with children and other animals if properly socialized.

Fun Facts

The squirrel-red fur on the feet of the Beauceron gave rise to its French nickname, "Bas-Rouge", which translates as "red stockings".

According to the AKC, an 1863 Universal Exposition in Paris featured dogs recognizable as Beaucerons with their upright ears, black with rust markings, and a "wolflike" build. The dogs in thta show were unlike the modern Beaucerons we see today, as they had a narrower muzzle and a rougher coat.

References American Beauceron Club