The Hortaya Borzaya, also known as the Hortaya Borzaya Hound or the Ukrainian Greyhound, is an ancient sighthound breed that originated in the regions of Ukraine and Russia. It has a long history, with depictions of similar dogs found in ancient cave paintings dating back thousands of years. The breed was primarily developed for coursing and hunting small game, such as hares and foxes, relying on its exceptional speed and keen eyesight.
Currently, there are no known genetic conditions tightly associated with the Hortaya Borzaya. As a Sighthound breed, they are known to be more sensitive to barbiturate anesthetics. Thiopental, or any other thiobarbiturate, should not be used on these dogs. They may also be prone to bloat, a life threatening condition.
Hortaya Borzayas are known for their independent and aloof nature. They can be reserved and cautious around strangers, displaying a strong sense of loyalty and protectiveness towards their family. Despite their independence, they are affectionate with their loved ones. As a sighthound, they have a strong prey drive and should be carefully supervised around small animals.
The name "Hortaya Borzaya" is derived from the Russian word "borzaya," which means swift.
Hortaya Borzayas are highly regarded for their incredible speed and agility, often reaching speeds of up to 40 miles per hour (64 km/h).
The breed has retained its ancient appearance and characteristics over the centuries, maintaining its status as a living link to ancient sighthound types.