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Indigenous Dogs
Characteristics, History, and Health

Indigenous Dogs

The American Indian Dog is an indigenous dog breed with a fascinating history. It is believed to be one of the oldest and most ancient breeds, tracing its origins back thousands of years to the indigenous peoples of North America. The breed's lineage is thought to have been a crucial part of the cultural and spiritual life of various Native American tribes, serving as a companion, guardian, hunter, and pack animal.

Main Info
Origin
Likely North America
Alternate Names
Indian Indigenous Dog, Native American Indian Dog, Native American Dog, Indian Dog
Life Expectancy
14-19 years
Average Male Height
16-21 inches
Average Female Height
14-19 inches
Average Male Weight
30-50 pounds
Average Female Weight
23-43 pounds
Coat Length
Short
Coat Type
Double
Coat Colors
Black, Blue, White, Gray, Fawn, Silver (and many others)
Coat Pattern
Sable Shading, Dark Tips

Genetic Predispositions and Health

Due to its ancient and relatively isolated heritage, the American Indian Dog is generally considered to be a robust and healthy breed. Selective breeding by Native American tribes likely contributed to the preservation of its genetic health.

Personality and Behavior

American Indian Dogs are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and strong bond with their human families. They are versatile and excel in various roles, including therapy work, search and rescue, and obedience training. While they can be reserved with strangers, they are typically affectionate and gentle with their families.

Fun Facts

These dogs are known for their exceptional communication skills. They can "smile" to show contentment and often use their expressive eyes and body language to convey emotions.

The breed is known for its thick and dense double coat, which provides excellent protection against harsh weather conditions. The coat can vary in length from short to medium, depending on regional adaptations.


Female American Indian Dogs are generally only in heat once a year, instead of twice a year like domesticated female dogs.

References

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2013.1142
https://www.npr.org/2013/07/10/200498354/barking-up-the-family-tree-american-dogs-have-surprising-genetic-roots