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Characteristics, History, and Health


The Pointer, also known as English Pointer, is an ancient breed believed to have originated in Spain or Portugal during the 17th century. The breed's development is attributed to crossing various hunting breeds, including Greyhounds, Foxhounds, and Bloodhounds. Pointers were bred for their exceptional pointing and scenting abilities, making them excellent bird and game hunters. Pointers have a short, dense, and sleek coat that lies close to their body. The coat is weather-resistant, offering protection during hunting activities. The breed gained popularity in England during the 18th century and was later introduced to other countries, including the United States.

Main Info
Alternate Names
English Pointer
Life Expectancy
12-17 years
Average Male Height
25-28 inches
Average Female Height
23-26 inches
Average Male Weight
55-75 pounds
Average Female Weight
45-65 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Coat Colors
Black, Black & White, Lemon, Lemon & White, Liver, Liver & White, Orange, Orange & White, White
Coat Pattern
Ticked, Black Points, Liver Points, Self-colored Points

Genetic Predispositions and Health

English Pointers are a generally healthy breed, but may be susceptible to hip dysplasia and eye disorders. This breed is also susceptible to bloat, also known as gastric dilation volvulus (GDV). This is a life-threatening condition that can come on suddenly, so it’s important to know the warning signs and get an affected dog immediate veterinary care. They can also suffer from acral mutilation syndrome, degenerative myelopathy, hypothyroidism, deafness, and cataracts.

Personality and Behavior

Pointers are highly energetic and intelligent dogs. They are natural hunters and possess an innate desire to point and locate game. This breed is known for its friendly and affectionate nature, making them excellent companions and family dogs. They are generally good with children and other pets, but early socialization is essential to ensure they develop appropriate behavior. These dogs may not be suitable for first time dog owners.

Fun Facts

Pointers are known for their "pointing" stance, where they stand tall and still, directing their muzzle towards the location of the game they've detected.

Due to their remarkable speed and agility, Pointers excel in various dog sports, including agility and obedience trials.

One famous Pointer named "Ponto" is believed to be the founding sire of the breed and was brought to England in the 18th century.

The breed's name "Pointer" comes from the old English word "pointen," which means to indicate or point out.