Back to all breeds
Characteristics, History, and Health


The Sarabi Dog, also known as the Persian Mastiff or Iranian Mastiff, is a breed of dog originally bred in the Sarab County of Iran's East Azerbaijan Province. Unfortunately, because the Sarabi is a less common breed, there isn't an abundant amount of information available about them. However, this breed is believed to be very ancient, with its existence traced back to the time of the Persian Empire. Sarabi dogs have been used for centuries as livestock guardian dogs, tasked with protecting flocks and property from predators. Their natural protective instincts and impressive size have made them ideal for such work.

Main Info
Sarab County of Iran's East Azerbaijan Province
Alternate Names
Persian Mastiff, Sarabi Mastiff
Life Expectancy
10-12 years
Average Male Height
32-35 inches
Average Female Height
28-32 inches
Average Male Weight
143-198 pounds
Average Female Weight
110-154 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Coat Colors
Tawny, Cream, Brown
Coat Pattern
Black Mask, White Markings (Chest)

Genetic Predispositions and Health

Currently, there are no known genetic conditions tightly associated with the Persian Sarabi Dog breed. As for all breeds, genetic screening is recommended to assist veterinarians with diagnosis and proactive care, as well as help breeders identify affected and carrier dogs.

Personality and Behavior

Sarabi dogs are known for their loyalty, courage, and protective instincts. They are typically calm and gentle with their family, but can be suspicious of strangers. Despite their size and strength, they are often good with children and other pets when properly socialized. Sarabi dogs are independent thinkers, which can sometimes come off as stubbornness, so they require a firm, consistent leader who can provide them with clear guidelines for behavior.

Fun Facts

The Sarabi Dog is one of the largest breeds in the world, with males standing up to 35 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing up to 200 pounds.

They are named after the Sarab County in Iran, where they are most commonly found.

Despite their impressive size, Sarabi dogs are known for their agility and speed, able to cover large distances quickly when protecting their charges.

Their thick, dense coats allow them to withstand a wide range of weather conditions, from the hot Iranian summers to the cold winters. This double coat is longer and more plush around the neck and shoulders, giving them a mane-like appearance.