Back to all breeds
Characteristics, History, and Health


The Weimaraner is a large breed dog that is well-known for its distinctive short and sleek coat, traditionally in a shade of gray. It has an aristocratic bearing, a distinctive, intelligent gaze, and a muscular physique that hints at its endurance and power. The breed originated in Germany in the early 19th century. The Weimaraner was developed at the court of the Grand Duke Karl August of Weimar, from whom it gets its name. These dogs were specifically bred to be the perfect hunting companion, capable of handling big game like deer and bear, though they also proved adept at hunting smaller animals such as birds and rabbits. By the late 19th century, the breed was well-established and recognized throughout Germany. The Weimaraner made its way to the United States in the early 20th century, with the first Weimaraner arriving in the United States in the 1920s. The breed's popularity surged post-World War II, and it remains popular today as both a hunting companion and a family pet.

Main Info
Alternate Names
Weim, Gray Ghost
Life Expectancy
10-13 years
Average Male Height
25-27 inches
Average Female Height
23-25 inches
Average Male Weight
70-90 pounds
Average Female Weight
55-75 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Coat Colors
Blue, Gray, Silver Gray
Coat Pattern

Genetic Predispositions and Health

Weimaraners can suffer from degenerative myelopathy and progressive rod-cone degeneration. Some other common health problems in this breed include hip dysplasia, gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV), and certain genetic disorders such as Von Willebrand's Disease and distichiasis. They may also be susceptible to hypomyelination and tremors, hyperuricosuria, and spinal dysraphism.

Personality and Behavior

Weimaraners are known for their energy, intelligence, and strong desire to work. They are excellent hunting dogs, and they also excel in various dog sports. Weimaraners are very loyal and love spending time with their families. They can be a bit reserved with strangers, but they are generally good with children and other dogs.

It's important to note that Weimaraners need plenty of exercise to prevent them from becoming bored and destructive. They also benefit from having a consistent routine and positive reinforcement training methods.

Fun Facts

During the Cold War, Weimaraners were used by the US Air Force for scent-detection work.

Weimaraners have webbed feet, which makes them excellent swimmers.

Famous photographer William Wegman has used his own Weimaraners as subjects in his work, making the breed a favorite among the art community.

A Weimaraner owned by President Dwight D. Eisenhower lived in the White House with the first family.