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Basset Artésien Normand
Characteristics, History, and Health

Basset Artésien Normand

The Basset Artésien Normand is a dog breed that was developed in France. Its origins trace back to the 19th century, where it was initially bred to be a scent hound and used for hunting small game. The breed's name ""Basset Artésien Normand"" reflects its geographical origin. ""Basset"" refers to its short stature (a term used for low-set dogs), Artésien refers to the Artois region in France, and Normand pertains to Normandy. This breed resulted from a cross between two native French hound breeds, the Basset Normand and the Basset d'Artois. It is considered a unique breed due to its distinct physical characteristics, mainly the shorter legs, compared to other hounds, that provide it with an exceptional sense of smell close to the ground. These dogs gained popularity in France during the late 19th and early 20th centuries but remain less known in other parts of the world.

Main Info
Alternate Names
B.A.N., Norman Artésien Basset,
Life Expectancy
12-14 years
Average Male Height
12-14 inches
Average Female Height
12-14 inches
Average Male Weight
33 pounds
Average Female Weight
33 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Coat Colors
Tri-color, Fawn, White
Coat Pattern
Black Blanket or Patches, with solid black hairs or black hair with "grizzle"

Genetic Predispositions and Health

The Basset Artésien Normand can suffer from degenerative myelopathy, progressive rod-cone degeneration, and hyperuricosuria. As for all breeds, genetic screening is recommended to assist veterinarians with diagnosis and proactive care, as well as help breeders identify affected and carrier dogs.

Personality and Behavior

Basset Artésien Normand dogs are known for their friendly, intelligent, and sociable disposition. They are often affectionate with their human families and get along well with children and other pets. Despite their hunting background, they are usually quite laid-back and enjoy a relaxed lifestyle.

These dogs have a strong sense of smell and can be tenacious when following a scent, which can sometimes make them prone to wandering off if not in a secure area. They can be somewhat stubborn, especially during training sessions, but their desire to please their owners usually prevails. They are typically not aggressive but can be somewhat reserved with strangers.

The Basset Artésien Normand is generally a quiet dog but may bark or howl if it senses something amiss. Despite their size, they can make good watchdogs. However, they require regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight, as they are prone to obesity.

Fun Facts

The Basset Artésien Normand was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1995.

In shows, any of these hunting dogs with scars are not to be penalized, as scars are considered "honorable" wounds that represent their prowess as hunters.


Basset Artésien Normand." United Kennel Club. Accessed 7 July 2023.