The Bohemian Shepherd, also known as the Chodský Pes or the Chodenhund, is a breed that originated in the Czech Republic, specifically in the Bohemia region. Its history dates back to the 14th century, during the reign of King Charles IV. Originally, these dogs were used for border patrol by the Chodove people, who were the King's guards along the borders.
Currently, there are no known genetic conditions tightly associated with the Bohemian Shepherd breed. As for all breeds, genetic screening is recommended to assist veterinarians with diagnosis and proactive care, as well as help breeders identify affected and carrier dogs.
Bohemian Shepherds are known for their intelligence, agility, and versatility. They are generally good-natured dogs that are affectionate, loyal, and eager to please, which makes them excellent family pets. They are also quite social and tend to get along well with other pets and children. Despite their friendly demeanor, they still retain their instinctive protective traits, making them good watchdogs.
Their high intelligence and trainability make them suitable for various activities beyond companionship, such as search and rescue, agility training, and service or therapy work. However, due to their active nature and working dog lineage, they require regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and related behavioral issues.
Bohemian Shepherds are versatile and have been known to compete in many activities such as agility, dog dancing, schutzhund, search and rescue, nose work, tracking, pastoral work, obedience, therapy and service dog duties, dock diving, and endurance tests.
In 1325, the Chodové people were given rights by the King of Bohemia to breed dogs to patrol and guard the borders between Bavaria and Bohemia.