Back to all breeds
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Characteristics, History, and Health

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Cardigan Welsh Corgis are believed to have descended from the Swedish Vallhund, a spitz-type herding dog that was brought to Wales by the Vikings around the 9th century. The breed's name Corgi derives from the Welsh words cor, meaning dwarf, and gi,meaning dog. However, the American Kennel Club (AKC) states that the word “corgi,” originally “kergie,” is ancient Celtic for “dog”. These dogs were prized for their herding, guarding, and companion skills. Cardigans are the older of the two corgi breeds and are known for their long tails, distinguishing them from their cousins, the Pembroke Welsh Corgis. They are hardworking, spirited, and dependable dogs. Their history and breed characteristics make them well-suited to active households where they can exercise both their bodies and minds.

Main Info
Alternate Names
Life Expectancy
12-15 years
Average Male Height
10.5-12.5 inches
Average Female Height
10.5-12.5 inches
Average Male Weight
30-38 pounds
Average Female Weight
25-34 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Coat Colors
Black & White, Blue Merle & White, Brindle & White, Gray & White, Liver & White, Red & White, Sable & White, Sable Merle & White, White Merle, Brindle Merle & White, Red Merle & White
Coat Pattern
Ticked, Tan Points, Black Mask, Brindle Points, Black Mask & Ticked, Brindle Points & Ticked, Tan Points and Ticked

Genetic Predispositions and Health

Cardigan Welsh Corgis can suffer from hip dysplasia, back issues, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and degenerative myelopathy. They may also be affected by exercise-induced collapse, severe combined immunodeficiency disease, X-linked (XSCID), von Willebrand Disease I, and chondrodystrophy and intervertebral disc disease (CDDY and IVDD risk) with or without chondrodysplasia (CDPA). As for all breeds, genetic screening is recommended to assist veterinarians with diagnosis and proactive care, as well as help breeders identify affected and carrier dogs.

Personality and Behavior

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a lively and intelligent breed. They are known for their affectionate and loyal nature, making them excellent family pets. These dogs are good with children and other pets, and they generally love being part of family activities.

Despite their small size, they have a large dog's personality and don't shy away from protecting their families if they perceive a threat. As a herding breed, they are highly intelligent and quick to learn. However, this can also mean they have a tendency to be a bit stubborn at times.

Regular mental and physical exercise is a must for this breed, as they can easily become bored, which may lead to unwanted behaviors. Although Cardigan Welsh Corgis can adapt to various living conditions, they are not ideal for inactive owners due to their energetic nature.

Fun Facts

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi was named for the medieval kingdom of Cardiganshire, Wales.

This breed is famously associated with the Queen of England, but each type of Welsh Corgi has a distinct history and set of characteristics.

Unlike the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a tail.