The Cesky Terrier, or Bohemian Terrier, originated in the Czech Republic and is a relatively recent addition to the dog breed repertoire. The breed was developed in the mid-20th century by a Czech breeder, František Horák, a geneticist by profession. Horák sought to create a terrier breed that was more amicable and easier to handle than some of the more traditional terrier breeds. Using the Sealyham Terrier and the Scottish Terrier, he selectively bred these two breeds to develop the Cesky Terrier, first recognized in 1963.
The Cesky Terrier is a breed known to have a small gene pool in the United States. Genetic conditions associated with this breed include the neurological disorder called Scotty Cramp, patellar luxation, heart conditions, and eye disorders such as progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts. Like many other breeds, the Cesky Terrier can also be affected by degenerative myelopathy and hyperuricosuria.
Cesky Terriers are known for their loyal, affectionate, and intelligent nature. Unlike many other terrier breeds, Ceskies tend to be more laid back and less aggressive. They are good with children and usually get along well with other dogs, especially if they have been raised together. They are also known for their willingness to please, which, combined with their intelligence, makes them relatively easy to train. However, temperament can vary among individual dogs, and early socialization is crucial for Ceskys as is the case with any breed.
Cesky Terriers are excellent family dogs but also appreciate time to themselves. They enjoy a good walk but don't require as much exercise as some other breeds. They are adaptable and can live comfortably in both urban and rural settings, as long as they get enough physical and mental stimulation.
The Cesky Terrier breed was developed by a Czechoslovakian geneticist named František Horák.
The Cesky Terrier was officially recognized by the Czechoslovakian Kennel Club in 1959, and by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1963. The breed was introduced to the United States in the 1980s, and was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 2011.
They are the only Czech dog breed in the American Kennel Club (AKC) study book.