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Characteristics, History, and Health


The Hovawart is a very old German breed that was a part of royal German families for many years. In the 1400s, they were classified as one of the "noble dogs" that were highly prized as guard dogs. The breed faced a decline in numbers during the 19th century but experienced a revival in the early 20th century thanks to dedicated breed enthusiasts. German Shepherds, Leonbergers, and Newfoundlands were used to revive the Hovawart breed.

Main Info
Alternate Names
Hovie, Hovis
Life Expectancy
10-14 years
Average Male Height
25-28 inches
Average Female Height
23-26 inches
Average Male Weight
65-90 pounds
Average Female Weight
55-88 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Coat Colors
Black, Blonde
Coat Pattern
Gold Markings

Genetic Predispositions and Health

Hovawarts may suffer from degenerative myelopathy, Factor IX deficiency (hemophilia B), hypothyroidism, immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency, intestinal adenocarcinoma, and sebaceous adenitis. Genetic testing is recommended, including for the following additional conditions: hyperuricosoria, degenerative myelopathy, and progressive rod-cone degeneration.

Personality and Behavior

Hovawarts are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and protective instincts. They are devoted to their families and make excellent guard dogs, as they are naturally watchful and wary of strangers. They are not typically aggressive, but should be well-socialized from a young age to ensure a balanced temperament. Hovawarts are highly trainable but are not for first time dog owners. They need an experienced trainer with consistent and patient training methods. These large dogs need a lot of space to run and exercise, and require regular mental stimulation.

Fun Facts

According to the AKC, the origins of the Hovawart's name is an old form of the German language called Middle High German. Hova = Hof, which meant "yard" or "farm", and wart = Wächter in the old language, which meant "watchman".

The Hovawart breed played a crucial role during World War I as messenger and search-and-rescue dogs.

Due to the stringent breeding regulations of the International Hovawart Federation, these dogs are one of the longest-lived and healthiest of working dogs.