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Irish Wolfhound
Characteristics, History, and Health

Irish Wolfhound

The Irish Wolfhound is one of the oldest dog breeds, with a history dating back to ancient times. Bred in Ireland, their ancestors were likely brought to the island by the Celts around 300 BC. They were originally used for hunting large game, including wolves and Irish elk. The breed's numbers declined over the centuries due to factors like warfare and changes in hunting practices. In the 19th century, efforts were made to revive the breed, leading to its preservation and popularity worldwide.

Main Info
Alternate Names
Irish Dogs, Big Dogs of Ireland, Greyhounds of Ireland, Wolfdogs of Ireland, Great Hounds of Ireland
Life Expectancy
6-8 years
Average Male Height
32 inches minimum
Average Female Height
30 inches minimum
Average Male Weight
120 pounds
Average Female Weight
105 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Coat Colors
Black, Blue, Brindle, Cream, Gray, Gray & Brindle, Red, Red & Brindle, Red Wheaten, Silver, White, Wheaten, Wheaten & Brindle
Coat Pattern
White Markings, Gray Markings, Black Markings,

Genetic Predispositions and Health

The Irish Wolfhound is a large and deep chested breed that can suffer from bloat, also known as gastric dilation volvulus (GDV). This is a life-threatening condition that can come on suddenly, so it’s important to know the warning signs and get an affected dog immediate veterinary care. They may be affected by pneumonia, heart conditions such as cardiomyopathy, liver shunt, and certain cancers such as osteosarcoma. An electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) is recommended as part of their regular annual exams. Other conditions from which they may suffer include von Willebrand Disease, startle disease, degenerative myelopathy, progressive retinal atrophy, megaesophagus, canine hip dysplasia, and osteochondritis dissecans.

Personality and Behavior

Irish Wolfhounds are gentle giants and are known for their kind and friendly demeanor. Despite their imposing size, they are typically good-natured, patient, and affectionate with their families. They are not aggressive by nature and can be quite sociable with other dogs and pets. Due to their history as hunters, some Wolfhounds may still retain a strong prey drive, so early socialization is crucial.

Fun Facts

The Irish Wolfhound is sometimes referred to as the "Cú Faoil" in Irish, which translates to "hound of Ireland."

The Irish Wolfhound holds the record for being one of the tallest dog breeds in the world. Some individuals can stand over 32 inches (81 cm) at the shoulder.

In the past, Irish Wolfhounds were often given as gifts to royalty and dignitaries. They were highly prized for their noble appearance and loyalty.

The Irish Wolfhound is considered a symbol of Ireland and is recognized as the national dog breed of the country.

An Irish Wolfhound puppy can weigh nearly 100 pounds.