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Characteristics, History, and Health


The Kuvasz (pronounced as KOO-vahss) is an ancient breed of a livestock dog of Hungarian origin. Also known as the Hungarian Kuvasz, the name of the breed is believed to come from the Turkish word ""kavas,"" meaning ""armed guard of the nobility."" It is a majestic, hardy, and bold breed, known for its loyalty, intelligence, and striking white coat. The Kuvasz's history dates back over a thousand years. As a breed, they are believed to have been brought to Hungary from Tibet by the Magyars, a nomadic tribe, in the 9th century AD. The Kuvasz was originally used for guarding livestock and was valued for its ability to independently protect its flock from predators. In the 15th century, during the reign of King Matthias I, the breed became highly favored by Hungarian nobility. The king believed in the breed's loyalty and courage so much that he often gifted Kuvasz puppies to his favored nobles. This transitioned the Kuvasz from primarily a shepherd’s dog to a noble's dog. The breed nearly became extinct during World War II. Because of their reputation as protectors, they were often killed to prevent them from defending their homes and owners. The breed was revitalized in the second half of the 20th century, and now Kuvaszok (the plural of Kuvasz) can be found worldwide, though they are still considered a rare breed.

Main Info
Tibet, Ancient Turkey
Alternate Names
None known
Life Expectancy
10-12 years
Average Male Height
28-30 inches
Average Female Height
26-28 inches
Average Male Weight
100-115 pounds
Average Female Weight
70-90 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Coat Colors
Coat Pattern

Genetic Predispositions and Health

The Kuvasz can suffer from hip dysplasia, osteochondritis dissecans, hypothyroidism, hypertrophic osteodystrophy, panosteitis, hip and elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation, autoimmune thyroiditis, progressive retinal atrophy, rogressive rod-cone degeneration, and heart conditions. They are susceptible to bloat, also known as gastric dilation volvulus (GDV). This is a life-threatening condition that can come on suddenly, so it’s important to know the warning signs and get an affected dog immediate veterinary care.

Personality and Behavior

Kuvaszok are known for their loyalty and desire to protect their family, including children. This makes them excellent guard dogs. They are intelligent and can be independent thinkers, but they can also be stubborn and require consistent, positive reinforcement training methods. They are usually reserved with strangers but should not show aggression without provocation.

Despite their strong protective instincts, Kuvaszok are often gentle and patient with their own families. They require a good amount of exercise and mental stimulation, as boredom can lead to destructive behavior. Socialization from an early age is important to ensure that they are well-rounded and comfortable in a variety of situations.

Fun Facts

The plural form of the breed's name is Kuvaszok.

Unlike many breeds, the Kuvasz’s coat is always white, which allowed shepherds to easily distinguish them from predators at night.

King Matthias I of Hungary was a big fan of the breed. Legend says that he trusted his Kuvasz dogs more than his palace guards!

The breed's name, "Kuvasz," was not established until the late 19th century. Before that, any large sheepdog in Hungary was simply called Kuvasz.