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Miniature Schnauzer
Characteristics, History, and Health

Miniature Schnauzer

The Miniature Schnauzer is a breed of small dog that originated in Germany in the mid-to-late 19th century. They were originally bred for their skills as versatile farm dogs, capable of ratting, herding, and guarding property. While the breed's exact origins aren't clear, it is generally accepted that the Miniature Schnauzer was developed from the Standard Schnauzer, along with smaller breeds like the Miniature Pinscher, Poodles, and possibly Affenpinschers. Today, they are a popular choice for pet owners due to their unique appearance and friendly, energetic personalities. Miniature Schnauzers have a double coat. The topcoat, or overcoat, is wiry and tight, while the undercoat is soft and dense. They are well known for their distinct "mane" of longer fur around the chest and neck, their bushy eyebrows, and a bristly, tufted beard.

Main Info
Alternate Names
Zwergschnauzer (German for "dwarf Schnauzer")
Life Expectancy
12-14 years
Average Male Height
12-14 inches
Average Female Height
12-14 inches
Average Male Weight
11-20 pounds
Average Female Weight
11-20 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Double, Wiry
Coat Colors
Black, Black & Silver, Salt & Pepper, White
Coat Pattern

Genetic Predispositions and Health

Miniature Schnauzers are prone to eye disorders such as progressive retinal atrophy, retinal dysplasia, and cataracts. They can also suffer from can suffer from urinary stones, pancreatitis, liver shunts, hyperlipidemia, mycobacterium avium infection, urolithiasis, von Willebrand disease, Schnauzer Comedo Syndrome (also known as Schnauzer Bumps), myotonia congenita, and allergies. Genetic testing for other conditions affecting this breed include degenerative myelopathy, Persistent Müllerian Duct Syndrome, spondylocostal dysostosis, coagulation factor VII deficiency, and chondrodystrophy (with or without chondrodysplasia). As for all breeds, genetic screening is recommended to assist veterinarians with diagnosis and proactive care, as well as help breeders identify affected and carrier dogs.

Personality and Behavior

Miniature Schnauzers are known for their friendly, intelligent, and energetic nature. They are typically very loyal to their families, and they are often good with children. Miniature Schnauzers are known to be vocal and can be somewhat territorial, which makes them excellent watchdogs. They're usually good with other dogs and pets, and they are trainable, but they have a bit of a stubborn streak. Due to their energy and intelligence, they require both physical and mental stimulation to stay happy.

Fun Facts

Miniature Schnauzers are the most popular of the three Schnauzer breeds, which also include the Standard Schnauzer and the Giant Schnauzer.

They are sometimes referred to as "Zwergschnauzer," which is German for "dwarf Schnauzer".

Despite their small size, they're known for their surprisingly loud and deep bark.

A unique aspect of the Miniature Schnauzer's coat is that it is hypoallergenic, meaning it's a good choice for people with allergies.