The Puli is a breed of herding dog that originated in Hungary. They are known for their unique coat of corded hair, similar to dreadlocks, which makes them distinct among other dog breeds. This breed is classified as a medium-sized dog, known for its agility and alertness. Pulik (the plural of Puli) are an ancient breed with a history that stretches back over a thousand years. They were brought to Hungary by the Magyars in around 800 AD, who used them for herding and guarding livestock. Their incredible agility and alert nature made them excellent at these jobs. Over the centuries, Pulik were bred selectively for their working qualities, resulting in the breed we see today. Despite being a very old breed, the Puli wasn't officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) until 1936. During World War II, the breed nearly became extinct, but was saved by dedicated breeders.
The Puli Dog breed is susceptible to hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, and deafness. As for all breeds, genetic screening for hereditary conditions is recommended.
Pulik are intelligent, agile, and hardworking dogs. They are known for their energy, alertness, and for being quick learners. Their herding background means they can be independent thinkers and are often described as having a clownish sense of humor. They are loyal to their families and tend to be reserved around strangers. Because of their herding instincts, they may try to herd children and other pets, and they require plenty of physical and mental stimulation.
The Puli's coat is perhaps its most distinctive feature. It is a thick, dense, and weather-resistant double coat that naturally forms cords, similar to dreadlocks, in adulthood. The cords can be flat or round, varying in thickness and length. They typically reach the ground by the time the dog is about 5 years old.
The Puli's coat serves a practical purpose beyond just aesthetics. It protects them from harsh weather and even from the bites of predators.
The Puli's coat can take up to 5 years to grow out completely and requires regular maintenance to keep the cords clean and neat.
The plural of Puli is Pulik, which follows Hungarian grammar rules.
Pulik are skilled jumpers. They were bred to be able to leap high into the air to spot predators and other threats in the tall grasses of the Hungarian plains.
Pulik have been featured in several popular TV shows and movies, including commercials. Their unique appearance often makes them a memorable sight!