The Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz, also known as the Andalusian Wine-Cellar Rat-Hunting Dog, is a Spanish breed of dog of the terrier type. Its name reflects its original occupation in Andalusia in Southern Spain, hunting rats and mice in wineries or ""bodegas"". The breed's development started in the 18th century when British wine merchants settled in the Jerez region of Andalusia. These merchants brought with them their working terriers, mainly Fox Terriers, for ratting in their wine cellars. These dogs interbred with the local Spanish dogs to eventually produce a distinct breed now recognized as the Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz. The breed was officially recognized by the Royal Canine Society of Spain in 2000.
Currently, there are no known genetic conditions tightly associated with the Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz. Because of their mixed lineage, they're less prone to many of the genetic health issues that purebred dogs may face. However, cryptorchidism (undescended testicle) is commonly noted in male pups. Genetic testing is recommended, including for the following additional conditions that affect many other breeds: hyperuricosoria, degenerative myelopathy, and progressive rod-cone degeneration.
Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz dogs are known for their lively, intelligent, and affectionate nature. They are brave and tenacious, typical characteristics of a terrier breed. They're social animals who love to be around people, making them great family pets. They are agile and active, requiring regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Given their strong ratting instinct, they are likely to chase small animals and thus need a secure playing area.
Their distinctive facial markings, often referred to as "panda markings", set them apart. These markings usually include a black mask and sometimes even eyebrows!
Despite their small size, they are excellent watchdogs, always alert and willing to protect their family.
In Spain, they are often referred to simply as "Bodegueros".
In its native Spain, it is classified in Group 3, Terriers, by the Real Sociedad Canina de España (RSCE), the national kennel club.