Back to all breeds
Characteristics, History, and Health


The Sloughi, also known as the Arabian Greyhound, is a breed of dog that originated in North Africa, specifically in regions that now encompass Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya. The breed's history can be traced back to ancient times, and it is believed to have been in existence since at least the 7th century. However, its true origin might date back thousands of years to when swift, slender hounds were prized by desert-dwelling Berbers, Bedouins, and other nomadic tribes. Sloughis were valued for their hunting abilities and were used to track and catch a wide range of game, including hares, gazelles, and wild boars.

Main Info
North Africa
Alternate Names
Arabian Greyhound, Sloughi Moghrebi
Life Expectancy
10-15 years
Average Male Height
26-29 inches
Average Female Height
24-27 inches
Average Male Weight
35-50 pounds
Average Female Weight
35-50 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Coat Colors
Sandy, Cream, Mahogany, Red
Coat Pattern
Black Mask, Darker Overlay, Mantly, Brindle, Black Brindle, Brindle Black Mask, Brindle Black Mantle

Genetic Predispositions and Health

Sloughi Dogs can suffer from Factor VIII deficiency (hemophilia A), color dilution alopecia, hypoadrenocorticism, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and low thyroxine levels. As a larger breed they are at risk for developing orthopedic problems, such as hip and elbow dysplasia. Genetic testing is recommended, including for the following additional conditions: hyperuricosoria, degenerative myelopathy, and progressive rod-cone degeneration. As a Sighthound breed, they are known to be more sensitive to barbiturate anesthetics. Thiopental, or any other thiobarbiturate, should not be used on these dogs.

Personality and Behavior

The Sloughi is a proud and noble breed, known for its reserved and gentle demeanor. They are generally quiet and calm dogs, but they are also capable of explosive speed and endurance when necessary. While they may seem aloof to strangers, Sloughis form strong bonds with their families and can be affectionate with those they know well.

Sloughis are intelligent and independent, but they also have a sensitive side, and they respond best to positive, gentle training methods. Because of their hunting instincts, they may not be suitable for homes with small pets. However, they are generally good with children and other dogs if they are raised together.

Fun Facts

In their native lands, Sloughis were often adorned with elaborate collars and tassels, signaling their esteemed status within the family.

Despite their 'greyhound' appearance, Sloughis are not closely related to Greyhounds.

Their name, "Sloughi", likely derives from the Arabic word "Slougha" referring to a type of gazelle, indicating their speed and agility.

The breed was first recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1935, and it was much later accepted by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 2016.