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Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Characteristics, History, and Health

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

The Staffordshire Bull Terrier, often affectionately known as the Staffy, originated in the United Kingdom in the 19th century. They were initially bred for bull-baiting and later, following the outlawing of that sport, for dog fighting1. These early Staffies were known for their bravery, toughness, and endurance. However, the breed as we know it today was developed more for companionship and show purposes, with breeders selecting for temperament and physical traits. They were officially recognized by the Kennel Club (UK) in 1935 and by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1975.

Main Info
United Kingdom
Alternate Names
Staffie, Staff, Patched Fighting Terrier, Staffordshire Pitdog, Brindle Bull, Bull-and-Terrier
Life Expectancy
12-14 years
Average Male Height
14-16 inches
Average Female Height
14-16 inches
Average Male Weight
28-38 pounds
Average Female Weight
24-34 pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Coat Colors
Black, Black & Tan, Black & White, Blue, Blue & White, Brindle, Brindle & White, Fawn, Fawn & White, Liver, Red, Red & White, White, White & Brindle, White & Fawn, White & Red
Coat Pattern

Genetic Predispositions and Health

Staffordshire Bull Terriers can suffer from degenerative myelopathy, progressive rod-cone degeneration, juvenile hereditary cataracts (JHCs), hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria (a metabolic disorder), and skin conditions like demodectic mange.

Personality and Behavior

Staffordshire Bull Terriers are known for their courage, tenacity, and love for people. They are intelligent, affectionate, and have a zest for life. They are often described as a "nanny dog" because of their affinity for children. Despite their tough exterior, Staffies are typically gentle, friendly, and can make excellent family pets with appropriate training and socialization.

However, as a terrier, they can be stubborn at times. They need consistent training and a firm, but gentle hand. Socialization is important as well, especially considering their history, to ensure they get along well with other animals.

Fun Facts

During the two World Wars, Staffordshire Bull Terriers were used as messenger dogs because of their bravery and determination.

They are nicknamed the “nanny dog” because of their renowned affinity for children.

Despite their fierce appearance, they are often described as a breed that loves to cuddle and are known for their affectionate nature.