Back to all breeds
Characteristics, History, and Health


The Kars Köpeği, also known as the Turkish Shepherd, is an ancient breed that hails from the Kars region in northeastern Turkey. These dogs have a long history of serving as livestock guardians, protecting flocks of sheep and other animals from predators such as wolves and bears. They are believed to be one of the oldest Molosser breeds, with their origins dating back thousands of years. The Kars Köpeği's impressive size, strength, and protective instincts have made them invaluable to Turkish shepherds and farmers for generations. These dogs exhibit typical Molosser traits, including a large, muscular build, a broad head, and a thick double coat that provides insulation and protection from harsh weather conditions.

Main Info
Alternate Names
Kars Köpeği, Kars Shepherd, Anatolian Karabash
Life Expectancy
12-15 years
Average Male Height
26-28.5 inches
Average Female Height
24-26 inches
Average Male Weight
98+ pounds
Average Female Weight
92+ pounds
Coat Length
Coat Type
Coat Colors
Reddish-Brown, White, Gray
Coat Pattern
Piebald, White and Gray Patches

Genetic Predispositions and Health

Currently, there are no known genetic conditions tightly associated with the Kars breed. The genetics of the Kars Köpeği are not well-documented in scientific literature, but they are considered to be a landrace breed, which means they have developed naturally over time through environmental adaptation and selective breeding by local farmers and shepherds.

Personality and Behavior

Kars Köpeği dogs are known for their loyalty, bravery, and strong protective instincts. They are devoted to their families and are excellent guardians of both humans and livestock. Due to their background as livestock guardians, they may have an independent nature and require early socialization and training to become well-adjusted and obedient companions. They tend to be reserved and aloof with strangers, making them effective watchdogs, but they form deep bonds with their owners and are gentle and affectionate with those they trust.

Fun Facts

The Kars Köpeği is also known by other names, such as the Kars Shepherd or the Anatolian Karabash.

These dogs have a special place in Turkish culture, and they are sometimes referred to as "Coban Köpegi," which means "Shepherd's Dog."

The Kars Köpeği has been mentioned in various Turkish literary works, highlighting their historical importance and cultural significance.

Kars Köpeği dogs have been revered for their legendary courage and fearlessness in protecting their flocks against large predators.