The Swiss Hound, also known as the Schweizer Laufhund, has its origins in Switzerland and is a breed of scenthound. They are descended from ancient hunting dogs of the Jura type, and their history dates back to the Middle Ages. It's believed the breed was developed for hunting game in the mountainous regions of Switzerland. There are four types recognized: the Bernese Hound, the Jura Hound, the Lucerne Hound, and the Schwyz Hound, each distinguished by their coat color and pattern: the Bernese Hound (white with black patches or black saddle), Jura Hound (Tan with black blanket), Lucerne Hound (Blue), and the Schwyz Hound (White with orange patches or orange saddle).
Swiss Hounds can suffer from ear infections and eye disorders such as progressive retinal atrophy, entropion, and ectropion. While overall they are a healthy breed, some may be predisposed to hip dysplasia, a common condition in many dog breeds where the hip joint does not develop properly, and epilepsy, a neurological disorder that can lead to seizures.
Swiss Hounds are known for their keen sense of smell and endurance in the field. They are friendly, intelligent, and energetic dogs that are great with families and children. As they were bred for hunting, they have a high prey drive and can be persistent when on a scent. They are often independent but also appreciate human companionship. They do well with consistent training and socialization from a young age.
The Swiss Hound has a long and prestigious history in Switzerland, and they were even the preferred hunting dogs of the Swiss nobility in the Middle Ages.
Despite their long history, Swiss Hounds are relatively rare outside of their home country.
The Swiss Hound has one of the best noses among dog breeds and is known for its extraordinary tracking skills.